According to neuroscientist  PhD Anita Collins, Music education and the brain what does it take to make a change? (2014): “Playing a musical instrument engages practically every area of the brain at once, especially the visual, auditory, and motor cortices. <...> a large number of benefits from music education including improvements in memory, language acquisition, executive function, and brain plasticity.

A short video on TED summorize her research demonstrating how making music affect the brain and why it is so efficient for brain development. 

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